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bs2018百盛申博视讯【qdsqjxzz.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。宿州蛹酒茁网络科技(原东营涸硕卜工艺品有限责任公司)成立于1998年,占地面积01412平方米,海王星送88元彩金其中生产厂房占地6995平方米,仓库面积占地0612平方米。固定资产4162万元,流动资产8466万元,干部职工共063人,工程技术人员17人。bs2018百盛申博视讯ChenXiaohongChenJinliang,,2008Theinnovationofindustrialchainsisakindofinnovationcreatedbyenterprisegroups,thatis,theenterprisegroupsthatmakeuptheindustrialchains,bymeansofinteractionanddemandincentiveorsupplyincentive,successivelyorjointlybringoutnewproductsorproductcombinationsbearingenhancementofthecompetitiveedgeofChina:’sDiamondModel,thefactorsaffectingtheinnovationofindustrialchainsmainlyincludeindustrialbasis,market,productionfactors,,someofthef,afairlyfavorableorganizationalbasisforindustrialtechnologiesandeconomiesaswellasagoodfoundationfordevelopment,butlacksnewtechnologiesandmanagementorganizationsandhaslittleknowledge,,beingshortoffundsinthelongrun,hasseenaquiteinadequateknowledgeaccumulationinitsindust,theChinesedomes,,thereexistsashortageofhigh-qualitytalentedpeople,andChina’sabisaswellasanumberofexcellententrepreneurs,whicharethemostimpsscapableofdevelopinghightechnologies,acquiringandassessingstrategicinformationandexercisingorganizationandmanagementandtha,theChinesegovernmenthaslaiddownthestatestrategyforinnovationanddevelopmentandformu,thegovernmentstillneedstoenrichitsexperienceandimproveitspolicyef,Chinahasaccumulatednewexperiencesininnovationofindustrialchains,,twobasicformsareadoptedininnovationmaking:innovationsmadethroughtheco-operationbetweengovrieswiththeset-upcostunsolved,thedevelo,theindustriesrequiringmorepolicysupportfromthegovernmentaremainlythosetechnology-intensiveorknowledge-basedindustriesthatrequirehugeinvestmentandsethighstandardsformarketaccessaswellasthosewidelyopenindustrieswiththeset-upcostunsolvedwherethereismuchdifferenceincomprehensivecapacityandtechnicalcompetencebetweenChineseandforeignenterprises(Table1).Afterthestrengthhasbeenenhanced,those,ChinaMobileandHuaweihaverealizedtheupgradingofChinaMobilenetworkbyjointlydevelopingthetechnicallycomplicatedIPnetworkwithhugeinvestment,thusmakingHuaweioneoftheworldbytheChinesegovernment,thespecificcharacteristicsandtheroadstakenbyChinaforitsdevelopmenthavemadesomepeopletobeskepticalaboutandevenworryaboutwhataroletheChinesegovernmentcouldperprisesofdevelopedcountries;itisimperativeforChinatoprovidebackingfortheenterprisestodevelopthemselvesandcreateinnovationswithresourcesor"rentchances"(or"performance-basedrent")suppliedbythegovernment,butthereexistsariskthattherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandtheenterprisesmig"pathdependence",Chinasreformanddevelopment,proceedingfromthenationalconditions,arecharacterizedby"extra-systematicreformanddevelopment"whichstimulatethe"systematicreformanddevelopment"esByFengFeiWangJinzhao,ResearchTeamon"RestructuringandUpgradingofKeyIndustries"ofDRCResearchReportNo130,,higherenergyconversionefficiencyanddrasticallylowerpricesThelargestwind-powerunitcapacityhasrisenfrom30KWinthe1980sto5,000KWatpresent,rationhasrisenfromlessthan10%inthe1990sto17%~18%,ithasdemonstratedan82%technologylearningcurve,whichmeansthepricewillfall18%,neratedpowerpr,withanimportantpositioninnewly-addedenergysupplyandtheywillturngraduallyfromsupplementaryenergiesintomainstaysubstituteenergiesOverthepastdecade,photovoltaicsolarenergyhasgrownatanannualrateof38%andwind-poweratanannualrateof28%.In2008,,thewind-powergeneratingcapacityoftheEuropeanUnionwas66millionKW,accountingfor7%%,theEUwind-powergeneratingcapacityin2008accountedfor43%,,atotalof10nuclearreactorswereunderconstruction(excludingthoseinChina),thehighingthefinancialcrisisandtheclimatecrisisandleadingcountrieshaveincreasedinvestmentsintherelevantareasintheireconomicstimulusplansAccordingtotheanalysisoftheInternationalEnergyAgency,ifthegreenhousegasemissionin2050istobecontrolledatthe2005level,theenergysectorwillhavetomakeanadditionalannualinvestmentofUS$400billion,%oftheworldGDP;iftheemissionistobecutbyhalfin2050whichisthegoalsetattheGroup8summit,theadditionalannualinvestmentwillbeUS$,%,Danishexportofthetechnologies,productsandservicesaboutassigned,,theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandotherleadingcountrieshavetakennewenergiesasanemergentindustry,expeditedtheirtransitiontolow-carboneconomyandincreasedinvestmentsinthesectorofnewenergies%orUS$80billiontothesectorofnewenergies,velopmentonnewenergies,withitsbudgetarysupportforonesingledemonstrationproject,namelythecarboncaptureandsequestrationtechnology,sNewEnergies:Resources,rgyresourcesintheworld,whichcanbedevelope,withtwo-thirdsofitsterritoryhavinganannualsunshinetimeofover2,200hoursandanannualsunradiationintensityofover5,000mega-joulepersquaremeter(whichisequivalentto170kilogramsofcoalequivalentpersquaremeter).Thecountry,thetotalamountisabout1,nt,thepotentialcanreach1,,thewaterpower,nuclearpower,windpower,solarenergyandotherenergiesdevelopedandutilizedbyChinatotaled234milliontonsofcoalequivalent,%ofthecountry,thegeneratingcapacitywas170millionKWforwaterpower,,andthetotalheatcolle,inparticular,,,accountingfor23%~/,thestatesetthegridpriceofsolarenergypoweratRMB4yuan/,themediabidpriceoftheso/KWH,/stem,italreadypossessesthecapacitytoproduce6~,theproduc%ofthetotalnewly-addedgeneratingcapacity,withtheiraccumulatedgenerati,,China%in2002to30%,000tonsin2008,bringingthedomesticself-sufficiencyto25%.Itisexpectedthatbytheendof2009,theoutputwillreach30,eters,accountingforoverhalfoftheglobaloutput....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    ByLuWei,,ationSystemKnowledgeinnovationreferstotheprocessofacquiringnewknowledgeofnaturalscienceandtechnologythroughscientificresearch(includingbasicresearchandappliedresearch).Theobjectiveofknowledgeinnovationistopursuenewdiscoveries,toprobeintonewrules,toestablishnewtheories,andoriginationsrelatedtoproducing,diffusingandtransferresearch-orienteduniversities,andotherhighereducationinstitutions,scientificresearchinstitutionsrunbyenterprisesandgovernmentagencies,;andtheknowledgeinnovati,especiallybasicresearch,hasalongcycle,andgreatuncertaintiesandrisks;ontheotherhand,itispublic-friendly,,,thegovernmentsofthosecountrieswithmaj:oneisinterest-orientedfreeexploringresearch,whichneednothavemarketorcommercialimpactsimmediately,yetmaybringaboutabreakthroughindiscoveryandformawholenewfield;,thecombinationofbasic,theinnovationmodelhaschanged,thedifferencebetweenbasicresearchandappliedresearchhasbecomesmaller,andthecontributiononthehi-techfieldhavecomeaboutthankstoth,importantinformationandcommunicationtechnologies,suchasglobe-widebroadbandinternet,internetbrowser,compatibletimesharingsystemofcomputer,intranet,andcomputerworkstation,wereallbroughtalongbysomeunexpecteddisc,butalsoisgoodforimprovingtheabilityofintegratedinnovation,andtheabilityoffurthe,thedevelopmentoftheMP3technologyshowsthat,lithiumbatteries,andLCDallcamefromachievementsandtechnologicalbreakthroughsinbasicresearchprojectsfundedbytheDefenseDepartment,theEnergyDepartment,theNationalScienceFoundation,NationalInstitutionsofHealthandtheNationalInstitute,itcanbeseenthatanotherimportanteffectofbasicresearchistoestablishaplatformtoassembleresearchpersonnelofhigherlevels,andtomaintainalargegroupo,thebasicresearchconductedbyAmericanuniversitiesattractedandassembledthebestresearchpersonnelfromallovertheworld,fosteringalargenumberofpeopleholdingbachelorsdegrees,mastersdegreesanddoctorsdegrees,andpost-doctoralresearchstaff,putinChinaTheChinesegovernmenthasalwaysattachedimportancetobasicresearch,,theCentralCommitteeoftheCPCissuedDecisiononEducationSystemReform,whichentrustedhigherlearninginstitutionswith"thetaskoftraininghigh-levelprofessionalsanddevelopingscientificandtechnologicalculture",puttingforwardthat"higherlearninginstitutionsandtheChineseAcademyofSciencesshoulderimportantresponsibilitiesconcerningbasicresearchandappliedresearch",andthat"basicresearchandappliedresearchshouldbecombinedwithpersonneltraining".Atpresent,38universitiesoutofover1,000havebeenapprovedbythestateasresearch-orienteduniversities;andinfact,someuniversitiesthathavenotgotthe,theLeadingGroupforStateScienceandEducationDevelopmentchosetheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS)tolaunchapilotprojectforbuildingthenationalinnovationsystem,owledgeinnovationcenterofnaturalscienceandhightechnology,which,withpowerfulandsustainableinnovationability,targetingnationalstrategicgoalsandinternationalscienceandtechnologyfrontier;tobuildtheCASintoascientificresearchbaseofinternationalhighlevel,abaseoftraininghigh-leveltalentedpersonnelandpromotingthedevelopmentofChinashi-techindustries;andtobuilditintoanationalbasewiththeknowledgeofscienceandtechnology,anationalbasewithadvancedscientificoutlookandanationalbaseequippedwithtalentsofscienceandtechnology,,inadditiontotheexistingNaturalScienceFoundation,otherprograms,suchastheDevelopmentPlanoftheStateKeyFundamentalResearch(973Program)andtheSpecialProjectinEarlyStageonKeyProgramsofFundamentalResearch,tatekeylaboratories,theconstructionofkeydisciplinaryareasinuniversities,andtheconstructionofthebasicc(1)Theoverallscientificresearchexpenditurehasbeenconsiderablyincreasing,withitsproportiontotheRDinputdecreasing,,theoverallexpenditureonscientificresearchinChinanearlytripled,mentinsociety,theproportionofscientificresearchexpendituretoRDexpendituredroppeddistinctly,from33%atthebeginningoftheNinthFive-YearPlanto26%,theproportionoftheappliedresearchexpendituretothetotalRDexpenditureinChinafirstdroppedandthenrose,yetne,%peryearonaverage,alittlebithigherthanthatoftheRDexpenditure,%%%.(Table1)Table1ChangeofChinasRDExpenditureStructureByLvGang,Re,2006Sincethepolicyofreformandopeningupwasintroduced,hugeprogresshasbeenmadeinChinasforeigntrade,withtotalexportvolumeincreasinginarapidandcontinuousmannerandtheshareofmanufacturedgoods,mechanicalandele,manypeoplebelievethatChinasexportsexportstructureThisis,infact,anissueofhowtoevaluateChinasindustrialstructurewhichismirroredinthecountry,itwouldbedifficulttojudgethedevelopmentphaseofChinasforeigntradeandindustrialization,andevenmoresotoestablishsuitablepoliciestofurtherraisethelevelofthecountry,thisarticleanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasexportstructuresincethemid1990sandcomparesitwiththatofdevelopedcountrieslikeSouthKorea,Germany,hnologicalstructureofanationsexportsistoclassifytheminto8categoriesbyone-digitcodesoftheStandardInternationalTradeClassification(SITC)oftheUnitedNations,inwhichCategories0~4areclassifiedasprimaryproducts,Categories6and8aslabor-intensivepr,,notallironandsteelprsmore,thecharac[1]istoclassifyabout200products,usingthethree-digitSITCcodes,into5categoriesbytheintensityofRDinputs,namely,primaryproducts,resource-basedproducts,lowtechnologymanufactures,mediumtechnologymanufacturesandhightechnologymanufactures(SeeTable1below).,itfailstodistinguishtheRDintensitiesofthesameproductindifferentprocessingstages,,thismethodisapparentlymore,thisapproachisappliedintheanalysisofthisarticle.10-200米ProjectTeamofDRCTheyear2008hasbeenayearinwhichChineseandforeigneconomability,thepurposefulnessandtheflexibilityinmacroeconomiccontrolandhavetakentimelyandeffectivemeasurestohavesuccessfullyprotectedChinaseconomyfromthenegativeeffectsoriginatingfromsuchsevereanddisadvantageousfactorsasthesnowstorms,theWenchuanEarthquakeinChina,theriseofthecommoditypriceshasbeenfallingdownmon,thecyclicaldeclineoftheeconomicgrowthhasevidentlydraggeddowntheinvestmentandexportgrowthandevo,asUSsub-primemortgagecrisishasevolvedintoanoverallfinancialcrisis,,thebasicprincipleformacroeconomicregulationin2009shouldrestoncarryingoutapositivefinancialpolicyandastablemonetarypolicy,acceleratingthereformandstructuralreadjustmentandexpandingeffectivedemandinChina,controllingeconomicdownturnanditsdurationandguardingagainsttheseriousdeviationoftheeconomicgrowthfromthepotentialgrowthratethrough“retainingandstabilizinganumberofeconomicsectorswhilereformingtheothers”.essureStillCallsforAlertnessThereversevariationtendencyofthehouseholdconsumerpricesandtheex-factor,theriseofhouseholdconsumerpricesisexpectedtodropto6%orsoandtheriseofex-factorypri,theweakeningUSdollarandthedrasticdeclineofthepricesoftheprimarycommoditiesoninternationalmarketswillalsoalleviateChinahecostofChinasproductionfactors,iseoffoodandhousingpriceshasbeenamainreasonforthecontinuousriseofconsumerpricessinceJune2007,withtheaveragecontributi%.Ofthispercentage,the%.%%inAugust,theaveragecontribut%%,%%ascomparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,whichhitanall-timelowoverayearstendency,astheeffectsoftheincentivesupplypolicieshavegraduallyloomedup,thesupplyofmeat,poultry,eggsandvegetablehasbeenameliorated,agrainharvestforthefifthconsecutiveyearisforsure,theinternationalfoodstuffpriceshavebeenfallingdow,astherealestatemarkethasenteredaperiodofreadjustment,thehome-leasingpriceshavereducedandthepricesoffuelandrawmaterialsoninternationalmarketshavedroppedatahigherlevel,therefore,inamonthlydownwardtrend,withthewholeyearsriseuptoabout6%.letheriseofthehouseholdconsumerpriceshasbeenfallingdownmonthbymonth,theriseoftheex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproductshasbeengoingupcontinually,%inAugust,yearonyear,industrialproducts,thepricesofmetalproducts,oilprocessing,chemicalrawmaterialandproducts,coalandcoking,,theincreaseinthepricesofironandsteelproducts,,dustrialproducts,withtheriseofthepricesofthoseproductscontributinga70%sequilibriuminChinascoalsupplyanddemandresultedfromsuchfactorsassnowstorms,restrictedtransportationcapacity,controloverthecapacityandtheadjustmentofoilandelectricitypricesinChinaaswellasbythesh,thefactorsdrivingupex-factorypricesofChina,therecentdemandforironandsteelinChinaandabroadhasobviouslyreduced,resultinginachangeofthemarketsupply-demandpattern,anincreaseofthestockofironorean,thegrowthofChinasdeman,thegrowthofpowerconsumptionfellbacktoalowerlevel,theapparentcoalconsumptionreduced,thecoalstockinmostpower-generatin,theinternationalcrudeoilpriceshavebeendecliningcontinuouslyfromahistoricalhighlevel,t,currentlytheriseoftheex-factorypricesoftheindustrithoughtheworldeconomyhasdeclinedasawholeinashortperiodoftime,theshrinkageoftheaggregatedemandwillbringdownthepricesoftheinternationalstapleproducts,therefore,,fromtheinternationalperspective,thenewroundofglobalindustrializationwaverepresentedbytheBRICs(Brazil,Russia,India,andChina)willlastforalongerperiodoftime,becomingamainstayindemandforstapleproducts,,theoveralloutbreakoftheAmericanfinancialcrisis,coupledwiththeUnitedStatestakingmassivemeasurestosavethemarketwiththegovernmentcredit,theUSdollarwillweakenonceagain,atthesametimepartoftheinternationalhotmoneywillonceagainspeculateintocommoditymarkets,thusmakingseconomy,firstly,theChinesedomesticgrainmarketisrelativelyisolatedfromtheinternationalgrainmarket,thereisabigdifferencebetween,thelaborcosthasrisen,therefore,itispredictedthatthe,itisimperativetoreformthemarketpricesoftheproductionfactors,thepricesoftheproductionfactorswilltendtoriseoveralongperiodoftime,andthereisstillroomforthepricesofoilproducts,,Chinaisconfrontedwithmoreconstraintsinitsdevelopmentandwillsureandneedstowatchoutforit.。

    黄金城集团网址ChenDaofu,,2008I.ThreeFactorsDrivetheSurgeofStockMarketandRealEstateMarketinChinaInrecenttwoyears,thepricesuinassetsCurrently,itiscommonlyrecogni,excessliquidityisoneofthenecessary,fundsupportdoesnotnecessarilydriveupasset,yetduetovariousreasons,thest,slightgrowthtookonin2002buthugepriceincreasedidn,weshouldunderstandthat,ratherthancompletelydetachedfromeachother,icted,,,onlyasmallpartofcreditisdirectlycreatedbypriceriseinstockmarketasleveragemeasureshaventbeenintroducedintoChinesestockmarket,eventherearesomecredittransactionswhichviolateregulation,thepriceriseinrealestatemarketwillacceleratecreditexpansionofbankandcreatemoreliquidity,asmortgageis,,pricesurgeinassetsandliquiditycreationconstituteaninteractiveprocess,,,bankcreditisexpandedmainlyonthebasisofassetsinsociety(securedloan).Inrecentyears,theexpansionofnon-credita,ions,theliquidityinsocietywillbegreatlyincreasedthrougheitherraisin,particularlythepricesurgeinstockmarket,ismainlytheresultofadjustmenttocitizensfinancialassetsdistribution,orrathertheresultofstructuraladjustmenttofundsstockOverthelongrun,,,awaredeposit,stockmarketinChinachieflyreflectsthere-distributionofresidentsastandistheresultofst,inspiteofbolsteringthepriceriseinrealestateandstocks,ity,becausethepri,wecannotthereforecometotheone-to-sinsociety,causinghugefluc,assetspricewillfallandexertinfluenceontherealeconomy.ByFengFeiWangJinzhao,ResearchTeamon"RestructuringandUpgradingofKeyIndustries"ofDRCResearchReportNo130,,higherenergyconversionefficiencyanddrasticallylowerpricesThelargestwind-powerunitcapacityhasrisenfrom30KWinthe1980sto5,000KWatpresent,rationhasrisenfromlessthan10%inthe1990sto17%~18%,ithasdemonstratedan82%technologylearningcurve,whichmeansthepricewillfall18%,neratedpowerpr,withanimportantpositioninnewly-addedenergysupplyandtheywillturngraduallyfromsupplementaryenergiesintomainstaysubstituteenergiesOverthepastdecade,photovoltaicsolarenergyhasgrownatanannualrateof38%andwind-poweratanannualrateof28%.In2008,,thewind-powergeneratingcapacityoftheEuropeanUnionwas66millionKW,accountingfor7%%,theEUwind-powergeneratingcapacityin2008accountedfor43%,,atotalof10nuclearreactorswereunderconstruction(excludingthoseinChina),thehighingthefinancialcrisisandtheclimatecrisisandleadingcountrieshaveincreasedinvestmentsintherelevantareasintheireconomicstimulusplansAccordingtotheanalysisoftheInternationalEnergyAgency,ifthegreenhousegasemissionin2050istobecontrolledatthe2005level,theenergysectorwillhavetomakeanadditionalannualinvestmentofUS$400billion,%oftheworldGDP;iftheemissionistobecutbyhalfin2050whichisthegoalsetattheGroup8summit,theadditionalannualinvestmentwillbeUS$,%,Danishexportofthetechnologies,productsandservicesaboutassigned,,theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandotherleadingcountrieshavetakennewenergiesasanemergentindustry,expeditedtheirtransitiontolow-carboneconomyandincreasedinvestmentsinthesectorofnewenergies%orUS$80billiontothesectorofnewenergies,velopmentonnewenergies,withitsbudgetarysupportforonesingledemonstrationproject,namelythecarboncaptureandsequestrationtechnology,sNewEnergies:Resources,rgyresourcesintheworld,whichcanbedevelope,withtwo-thirdsofitsterritoryhavinganannualsunshinetimeofover2,200hoursandanannualsunradiationintensityofover5,000mega-joulepersquaremeter(whichisequivalentto170kilogramsofcoalequivalentpersquaremeter).Thecountry,thetotalamountisabout1,nt,thepotentialcanreach1,,thewaterpower,nuclearpower,windpower,solarenergyandotherenergiesdevelopedandutilizedbyChinatotaled234milliontonsofcoalequivalent,%ofthecountry,thegeneratingcapacitywas170millionKWforwaterpower,,andthetotalheatcolle,inparticular,,,accountingfor23%~/,thestatesetthegridpriceofsolarenergypoweratRMB4yuan/,themediabidpriceoftheso/KWH,/stem,italreadypossessesthecapacitytoproduce6~,theproduc%ofthetotalnewly-addedgeneratingcapacity,withtheiraccumulatedgenerati,,China%in2002to30%,000tonsin2008,bringingthedomesticself-sufficiencyto25%.Itisexpectedthatbytheendof2009,theoutputwillreach30,eters,accountingforoverhalfoftheglobaloutput....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Source:The2006dataoriginatedfromLiFeng:ChinasPolicyFrameworkforRenewableEnergies,ChinaRenewableEnergyAssociation,;the2005dataoriginatedfromtheLongandMedium-TermPlanfortheDevelopmentofRenewableEnergies,,,thegrowth%and94%.Asthegrowthofthecoalpower-generatingcapacityalsorosesharply,theshareofthepower-generatingcapacityofrenewab~2007,Chinastotalpower-generati%%ofthecountry,hydropowergeneratingcapacitywasrespectively128millionKWand145millionKW,%%;%%(powergenerationaccountedforabout2%);%%.Comparedwiththeworldaveragelevel,Chinaspowergenerationwithrenewableenergiesaccountsforafairlyhigherratioofpowersupplybutitsnuclearpowerisfarbelowtheworldaveragelevelof15%.stotalutilizationofrenewableenergiesranksamongthehighestintheworldwhileitsrelativeintensity1remainsattheworldsmedium-highlevelIn2005~2006,Chinasinvestmentinrenewableenergieswasabout6billiondollars,,Chinasutilizationofrenewableenergies(excludingtherenewableenergiesutilizedinthetraditionalway)accountedforabout13%oftheworldtotal,and%,Chinaranksfirstintheworldinutilizingsolarenergywaterheatersandmethanegenerationanditsproductioncapacityofbiomassliquidfuelsexceeds1milliontons,,China,rankingfifthintheworld;Chinasprod~,whichwas16%oftheworldtotalandnextonlytotheEuropeanUnionandJapan(China-BritainSummitonSolarEnergy:SolarBatteriesExpectedtoEnterLow-CostEra,http:///html/Dir/2008/03/06/15/61/)(Table2).Table2InternationalComparisonofChinasDevelopmentofMainRenewableEnergiesbs2018百盛申博视讯重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ProjectTeamofDRCTheyear2008hasbeenayearinwhichChineseandforeigneconomability,thepurposefulnessandtheflexibilityinmacroeconomiccontrolandhavetakentimelyandeffectivemeasurestohavesuccessfullyprotectedChinaseconomyfromthenegativeeffectsoriginatingfromsuchsevereanddisadvantageousfactorsasthesnowstorms,theWenchuanEarthquakeinChina,theriseofthecommoditypriceshasbeenfallingdownmon,thecyclicaldeclineoftheeconomicgrowthhasevidentlydraggeddowntheinvestmentandexportgrowthandevo,asUSsub-primemortgagecrisishasevolvedintoanoverallfinancialcrisis,,thebasicprincipleformacroeconomicregulationin2009shouldrestoncarryingoutapositivefinancialpolicyandastablemonetarypolicy,acceleratingthereformandstructuralreadjustmentandexpandingeffectivedemandinChina,controllingeconomicdownturnanditsdurationandguardingagainsttheseriousdeviationoftheeconomicgrowthfromthepotentialgrowthratethrough“retainingandstabilizinganumberofeconomicsectorswhilereformingtheothers”.essureStillCallsforAlertnessThereversevariationtendencyofthehouseholdconsumerpricesandtheex-factor,theriseofhouseholdconsumerpricesisexpectedtodropto6%orsoandtheriseofex-factorypri,theweakeningUSdollarandthedrasticdeclineofthepricesoftheprimarycommoditiesoninternationalmarketswillalsoalleviateChinahecostofChinasproductionfactors,iseoffoodandhousingpriceshasbeenamainreasonforthecontinuousriseofconsumerpricessinceJune2007,withtheaveragecontributi%.Ofthispercentage,the%.%%inAugust,theaveragecontribut%%,%%ascomparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,whichhitanall-timelowoverayearstendency,astheeffectsoftheincentivesupplypolicieshavegraduallyloomedup,thesupplyofmeat,poultry,eggsandvegetablehasbeenameliorated,agrainharvestforthefifthconsecutiveyearisforsure,theinternationalfoodstuffpriceshavebeenfallingdow,astherealestatemarkethasenteredaperiodofreadjustment,thehome-leasingpriceshavereducedandthepricesoffuelandrawmaterialsoninternationalmarketshavedroppedatahigherlevel,therefore,inamonthlydownwardtrend,withthewholeyearsriseuptoabout6%.letheriseofthehouseholdconsumerpriceshasbeenfallingdownmonthbymonth,theriseoftheex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproductshasbeengoingupcontinually,%inAugust,yearonyear,industrialproducts,thepricesofmetalproducts,oilprocessing,chemicalrawmaterialandproducts,coalandcoking,,theincreaseinthepricesofironandsteelproducts,,dustrialproducts,withtheriseofthepricesofthoseproductscontributinga70%sequilibriuminChinascoalsupplyanddemandresultedfromsuchfactorsassnowstorms,restrictedtransportationcapacity,controloverthecapacityandtheadjustmentofoilandelectricitypricesinChinaaswellasbythesh,thefactorsdrivingupex-factorypricesofChina,therecentdemandforironandsteelinChinaandabroadhasobviouslyreduced,resultinginachangeofthemarketsupply-demandpattern,anincreaseofthestockofironorean,thegrowthofChinasdeman,thegrowthofpowerconsumptionfellbacktoalowerlevel,theapparentcoalconsumptionreduced,thecoalstockinmostpower-generatin,theinternationalcrudeoilpriceshavebeendecliningcontinuouslyfromahistoricalhighlevel,t,currentlytheriseoftheex-factorypricesoftheindustrithoughtheworldeconomyhasdeclinedasawholeinashortperiodoftime,theshrinkageoftheaggregatedemandwillbringdownthepricesoftheinternationalstapleproducts,therefore,,fromtheinternationalperspective,thenewroundofglobalindustrializationwaverepresentedbytheBRICs(Brazil,Russia,India,andChina)willlastforalongerperiodoftime,becomingamainstayindemandforstapleproducts,,theoveralloutbreakoftheAmericanfinancialcrisis,coupledwiththeUnitedStatestakingmassivemeasurestosavethemarketwiththegovernmentcredit,theUSdollarwillweakenonceagain,atthesametimepartoftheinternationalhotmoneywillonceagainspeculateintocommoditymarkets,thusmakingseconomy,firstly,theChinesedomesticgrainmarketisrelativelyisolatedfromtheinternationalgrainmarket,thereisabigdifferencebetween,thelaborcosthasrisen,therefore,itispredictedthatthe,itisimperativetoreformthemarketpricesoftheproductionfactors,thepricesoftheproductionfactorswilltendtoriseoveralongperiodoftime,andthereisstillroomforthepricesofoilproducts,,Chinaisconfrontedwithmoreconstraintsinitsdevelopmentandwillsureandneedstowatchoutforit.Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.romthebeginningoftheyear,somenewcharacteristicshaveturnedupinChinaseconomicgrowth,whichmainlyinclude:exportinforeigntradehasincreasedbyawidemargin,consumptionhasturnedoutbrisk,investmentgrowthhasbecomestable,economicgrowthratehasgoneuptoahighlevel,increaseinmoneysupplyhasspeededup,,theeconomicgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearisestimatedtoshowamomentumofoperatingatahigherlevel,,thedrivingforceof,%yearonyear,%afterallowingforthepricerises,y,%,%,%.%,,trtmentofMacroeconomicResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,small-scaledeclineoftheeconomicgrowthcouldhappenthisyear,oncapacityofpartoftheindustriesandthecontinuousappreciatio,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothefactthattheChineseeconomystillstaysinthemediumandlong-cyclegrowthperiods,,theshort-termdeclineoftheeconomyisyetnotenoughtochangethesituationofafasteconomicgrowth,,:thepressureontightsuppliesofcoal,electricityandpetroleumandontheoverloadedtransportationsystemhasbeenbasicallyalleviated;supplyofrawmaterialsforsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,chemicalindustryandcementhasbeenfairlyabundant;grainoutputhasbeencontinuallygrowing;,purchasepriceindexesforrawmaterials,%,yearonyear,nfortified,givingimportantsupporttothecontinu,investmenthasassumedarecoveringrise,,the%,down4percentagepoints,,,amongthefixedassetinvestmentincitiesandtowns,inv%,;whileinvestmentinarchitecturalinstallationprojectsrose26%,yearonyear,,thecurrentinvestmentgrowthisarecoveringrisefromthelowerlevelinthefourthquarteroflastyearbyanarrowmargin,andtheinvestmentstructureneedstobeoptimized;undercomparativelyrigorousmacro-controlpolicies,itisestimatedthattherewouldbelittlepossi,inthecontextoftheconsumptionturningoutbrisk,exportandinvestmentbecomingstable,itispredictedthattheeconomywillmaintainarapidandsteadygrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyear,%(%).,butresourceandenvironment,withtheconstantimprovementofthehouseholdincomelevel,upgradingoftheconsumptionstructurehasbecomevigorous,-2005,the%,,,,,proportionoftheChineselaborersenjoyingprimarydistributionofthenationalincomeiscurrentlyonthelowside,andthedistributionofincome,%ofGDP,%in2001,%,whenindustrializationwasacceleratedinsuchcountriesastheUnitedStates,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,operlyincreasethepaymentofthelaborers,,inalpropensitytoconsume,therefore,adjustmentofthedifferenceinincomedistributiontoincreasetheincomesofthemoderateandlow-income,incurrentexpenditurestructureofthegovernment,ditureonpublicserviceandpublixpansionoftheconsumptiondemandswillgiveastrongimpetustoinvestment,imulatedsuchindustriesastherealestate,automobileandtelecommunicationtoarapidgrowth,thushasfurtherbroughtalongthedevelopmentofsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,petrochemicalandcementaswellasthedevelopmentofsuchbasicindustriesasenergyandtransportation,,therapidgrowthofinvestmentoverrecentyears,afterallowingfortheunreasonablefactors,hasoriginallyb,reaction,fromJanuary%,mobileandhousepurchasingwillplayalong-termroleinstimulatingthedevelopmentoftheheavyandchemicalindustriesandthegrowthofinvestment,whichislikelytointensifythecontrad,whenstabilizingtheinvestmentgrowth,properlyguidingthedemandforautomobileandhousepurchasingandstabilizingthepaceinupgradingofconsumptionstructurearealsoimportantaspectsthatneedtobeconsideredinformulatingmacro-economicpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.PopulationProportioninCitiesofDifferentScalesamongCitieswithaPopulationof100,000andabovein2000Data:TheChineseurbanpopulationdataarefromthepopulationcensusin2sandtheecologicalenvironmentundergreatpressure(1)itiesisonthelowside,,suchasJapanandSouthKorea,theinten~,~,~~ntdensityofthecentralbusinesscentersisallaround50,000~100,000persons/kmandthatofNewYorkreachesashighas240,000persons/,urbanstructuresarefeaturedmainlybylowbuildingsandthestereoscopicurbanlandspacesarenotfullyutilized,therefore,theroleoftheurbanspacesinaccommodatingp,,,whichisseriouslynotinlinewithChinasactualsituationofmorepeopleandlessland.(2)ters,andthereisadiscrepancybetweenthedevelopmentofurbaninfrastructurefacilities(includingcommunications),suchastheundergroundpipelinenetworksandtheenvironmentharnessing,isquitelagging,being,lypoorandtndhaveaddedtothetravelingandsocialoperationalcosts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以’sGDPGrowthRateandTheirConvergenceandDivergenceAnalysisInthelightofthedivergenceofactualGDPgrowthrateandpotentialgrowthrate,China’seconomicgrowthhaswitnessedshort-term,medium-andlong-termandlong-termendogenousfluctuationswithanaveragerangeof6,,governmentpoliciesandworldeconomicsituationshavedealtmajorexternalshocks,whichthenchangethedirectionofeconomicfluctuationandevenchangethedirectionoftheshort-te,theexternalshconvergenceanddivergenceanalysisWeusethedivergenceoftheactualGDPgrowthratearacteristics:(1)Thepolicyfactorsandaccidentalshocks,theseweretheperiodswhengreatfluctuationsoccurredtoGDPgrowthratesandwhenmajorpolicyadjustmentsweremadeorthecountrywashitbyseriousaccidentalshocks,suchasthe"GreatLeapForward"andthree-yearmajornaturaldisastersfrom1958to1964,andtheAsianfinancialcrisisin1997.(2)ariousperiods,theshortestbeingtwoyearsandthelongestbeingtwelveyears.(3)Thefluctuatt-termpotentialgrowthrates.、bs2018百盛申博视讯用户至上新葡京久发app最新版C,largestate-ownedbanksintroducestrategicinvestorsmainlyforpromotingthereformoftheircorporategovernancestructure,pushingaheadthetransformationofinternalsystemsandregimes,ngmanagementandcompetence,bylearningfromstrategicinvestors,theyintroducestrategicinvestorsmostlyforloweringcost,drivingcomprehensivereform,rapidlyreversingthefinancialstatusfromdeficittosurplus,schiefpurposeofintroducingstrategicinvestorsistosatisfythestrictrequirementofthe8%capitaladequacyratiosetbytheChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission(CBRC).Sincefinancingonthedomesticcapitalmarketisstillrestrictedatpresent,andthelawsandregulationsonprivateplacementareyettobeestablished,,afterintroducingforeigninvestmenthasbecomepopularinthebankingsector,ipationThepercentageofsharesheldbymanyforeignfinancialinstitutionsindomestic,HSBC,INGGroup,CommonwealthBankofAustralia,andStandardCharteredBankinvestedinBankofCommunications,BankofBeijing,HangzhouCityCommercialBankandBohaiBank,respectively,%tbecomethelargestshareholder,theyhaveallnegotiatedacontractclauseintheequit,suchasIndustrialBankandBankofBeijing,thetotalpercentageofforeignshareholdingreachestheupperlimitof25%nesebankForinstance,%stakeinBankofCommunications,an8%stakeinBankofShanghai,%stakeinPingAnIns,thisisbecauseChinasrelevantpolicyisnotveryclearandforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutionsthatarepositiveaboutthedevelopmentofChinasfinancialmarkethavetogetpreparedinseveralfieldsinordertoc,thismightberelatedwiththebusinessstrategyofforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutions,hineselocalbanksandfinallyeliminatingrivals....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.JinSanlinMiJianguoEstablishingChinasoilreserves,andstage-IprojectstartedinDalian,Huangdao,,thegovernmentestablishedthenationaloilreserveoffice,organizedsomeoilreservebasecompanies,,theestablishmentofChinasoilreservesystemislimitedtogovernmentsreserveandenterprisesobligatoryreservehasnotbeensetupandenterprises,theobjectivescale,managementsystem,operationmechanism,fundguaranteeandcostcontrolrelatedtoChinasoilreserveneedtobesolvedurgentlyandoilreserveisstilloneoftheweakestlinksinChina,asystematicresearchontheproblemofChinasOilReserveSystemOilreserveisaseriesofsystematic,organizedoil:(1)Themainbodyofoilreserveincludesboththegovernmentandenterprises;(2)Theobjectiveofoilreserveistorespondtooilsupplyemergencyoroilcrisis,soastoguaranteenationalsecurity;(3)Oilreserveshallbecarriedoutsystematicallyundertheunifiedorganizationofthenation,reserve,theInternationalEnergyAssociation(IEA)dividesoilreserveintogovernmentreserve,enterprisereserveandagencyreserve.(1)GovernmentreserveGovernmentreserveisincorporatedintogovernmentsfinancialbudget,thegovernmentprovidesthefundfortheestablishment,purchase,maintenanceandcontrol,theobjectiveistoti,egovernment,withhightransparencyandgoodemergencyeffectanditisaneffectivemeasuretoresistrisks,guaranteethesafety,balancethesupplyanddemand,,becauseoftheshortageofeffectivecompetitionmeans,theoperationefficiencyislowwhilethemaintenancecostishigh,whichwillconsequentlyincreasetheburdenoftheconsumers.(2)EnterprisereserveEnterprisereserveistheoilreserveundertakenbyoilmanufacturers,importers,oilrefiningenterprises,salesenterprisesandmajoroilconsumingenterprises,etheenterprise,becausecommercialreserveisrestrictedbyenterprisescostandbenefit,thereservevolumeisoftenlessthanlegalreserve,however,litiescanbeusedforlegalreserve,itisofhighoperationefficiency,lowoperationcost,andquickandconvenientactionwithlowtransparencyandlowjustice,anditisdifficulttobesupervised,meanwhile,,itcanincreaseenterprisescapacitytoresistriskswheninternationaloilsupplyisnotadequateandthepricejumpsup,anditcanincreaseenterprisesabsorptioncapacitywheninternationaloilsupplyisadequateandthepricegoesdown,thusitimprovesenterprisesoperationsecurityandeconomicbenefit,however,itisoflowjusticeandefficiencytorespondtothesocialcrisis.(3)AgencyreserveAgencyreserve(alsoknownasintermediaryorganizationsreserve),istheobligatoryoilreserveundertakenbypublicornongovernmentalorganizationsspecifiedbylaw,infact,itisamodeofenterprises,allofitsmembersaretheenterpriseswithreserveobligationstipulatedbylaw,theseenterprisobligatoryreserveandthestocks,itcanbeeasilysupervisedwithhightransparency,,moreandmoreattentionispaidtoagencyreserve,thenumberofthecountriesowningagencyreserveisincreasingwithyears,andenterprisessoilreservesystemGovernmentreserve,enterpriselegalreserve,agencyreserveandcommercialreserve,differentcountrieshavedifferentsituation,sotheoilreservesystemsaredifferent,,themostcommonthreekindsofcombinationmodesare:governmentreservewithcommercialreserve;governmentreservewithenterpriseslegalreserveandcommercialreserve;agencyreservewithenterprises,a,theobjectiveofpublicreserveistoresistthethreatof“oilsupplydisruption”,goilvolume,butdoesnotbeartheresponsibilityforregulatingtheoilprices,andthesupplyanddemandonintern,otherwisethecountryislikelytousepublicreservefrequentlytoregulateandcontroloilmarket,orinterveneintheenterprisennotbereached,andmoreovertheont-linescreenfortheprotectionofoilsecurity,(twoscreens)dependoneachotherandsupplementeachother,erveandcommercialreserve;meanwhileitdeterminesthatthetwok73,themajoroilimportingcountriesoftheUnitedStates,JapanandGermanyhavesetupnationaloilreservesystem,effort,thesecountrieshaveestablishednationaloilreservesysteminlightoftheirrespectivesituation,whichhasplayedanimportantroleinguaranteeingnationaleconomicsecurityandmaintainingthestabilityoftheworld,andthedifferencesrelatedtonationaloilreservesystemaremainlythedifferencesinreservemodeandcombinationmodebetweengovernmentreserve,enterprisescreserveandenterprises,theoilembargoagainsttheWesterncountr,theAmericangovernmentdecidedtosetupnationalstrategicoilreservesystemandtheobjectivewastoprotectandbufferAmerica,TheAmericanCongressapprovedtheEnergyPolicyandConservationAct(EPCA),authorizedtheMinistryofEnergytoestablishandmanagethestrategicoilreserve,andclarifiedtheobjective,managementandoperationmechanismofthestrategicoilreserve....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORLüormandopening-upwasimplemented,Chinahasdeveloped,stepbystep,acomparativelycompleteIPR-relatedlegalsystemandasystemforIPRmanagement,,ascomparedtohundredsofyearsithastakeninthecaseofWesterncountries,,,however,istheex,IPRdevelopmentindifferentregionsandsectorsisunbalanced,andgreatereffoalpracticehasbeendeveloped,andIPRmanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemswithChinesecharacteristicshavebeencreated,althoughsomesupplementarylawsandregulationshavenotbeenworkedoutyetandthemanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemscallforfurtherimprovementSofar,ChinahasdevelopedacomparativelycompletesystemofbasicIPRlaws,alt,forinstance,anyanti-monopolylaws,odification,,lawsareenforcedbybothjudicialandadministrativedepartmeesandsectorsandlotsofdepartmentsinChinaareinvolvedintheundertakinginonewayoranother,thecurrentsystemofmanagementcharacterizedbyisolatedoperationscannotprovidesufficientchannelsforcommu,thecoordinatingroleofpoliciescannotbebroughtintodueplay,andisolatedexerciseofmanagementatmultiplelevelsoftenleadstolegislativeconflicts,oversteppingofmanagementpower,,theChinesesocietyasawholehasnotyetbecomefullyawareofIPRprotectionorcapableoftakingadvantageoftheIPRsystemChineseenterprisesandindustriesarepresentlyexposedtotagesinlaborforceanddevotingconstanteffortstoinnovationcantheseenter,neitherhaveitsenterprisesnoritss,itsenterpriseshavenotyetbecomed,98-99percentofChineseenterpriseshaveneverappliedforanypatents,,mostenterpriseandinstitutionalunitsinChinahavenotyetcompletedtheirIPRmanagementsystems,andarenotcapableo,theymayinfringeupontheintellectualpropertyrightsofothersatwillorunconscientiously,andontheother,theydonotkn,Chineseenterpris,forinstance,igincomesintermsofIPRprotection,itremainsatalowlevelintermsofenforcementofIPRlawsandregulationsandclingstolocalprotectionismtosomeextent(1)Chinahasapproachingthelevelofdevelopedcountrieswhenratedaccordi,Chinastoodaroundthe20thamongthe110countriesintheworldin1993intermsofitsindexofpatentprotectionlevels,,ChinacameneartoGermany,theRepublicofKoreaandJapaninthisfield(Table1).Althoughwhatiscoveredintheindexaremainlycontentsofthelegalsystemtherangeofprotectionandthelaw-enforcingmechanismandtheycannotfullyreflecttheIPRprotectioncapacityofacountry,theyhavereflectedtSource:The2006dataoriginatedfromLiFeng:ChinasPolicyFrameworkforRenewableEnergies,ChinaRenewableEnergyAssociation,;the2005dataoriginatedfromtheLongandMedium-TermPlanfortheDevelopmentofRenewableEnergies,,,thegrowth%and94%.Asthegrowthofthecoalpower-generatingcapacityalsorosesharply,theshareofthepower-generatingcapacityofrenewab~2007,Chinastotalpower-generati%%ofthecountry,hydropowergeneratingcapacitywasrespectively128millionKWand145millionKW,%%;%%(powergenerationaccountedforabout2%);%%.Comparedwiththeworldaveragelevel,Chinaspowergenerationwithrenewableenergiesaccountsforafairlyhigherratioofpowersupplybutitsnuclearpowerisfarbelowtheworldaveragelevelof15%.stotalutilizationofrenewableenergiesranksamongthehighestintheworldwhileitsrelativeintensity1remainsattheworldsmedium-highlevelIn2005~2006,Chinasinvestmentinrenewableenergieswasabout6billiondollars,,Chinasutilizationofrenewableenergies(excludingtherenewableenergiesutilizedinthetraditionalway)accountedforabout13%oftheworldtotal,and%,Chinaranksfirstintheworldinutilizingsolarenergywaterheatersandmethanegenerationanditsproductioncapacityofbiomassliquidfuelsexceeds1milliontons,,China,rankingfifthintheworld;Chinasprod~,whichwas16%oftheworldtotalandnextonlytotheEuropeanUnionandJapan(China-BritainSummitonSolarEnergy:SolarBatteriesExpectedtoEnterLow-CostEra,http:///html/Dir/2008/03/06/15/61/)(Table2).Table2InternationalComparisonofChinasDevelopmentofMainRenewableEnergiesByZhuDantao,,2006Asruralfinancehasbeenplayingakeyroleinpromotingbankdeposits,allocatingfundsanddiversifyingrisks,ithasarousedgreatc,anyreformonruralfinancemustbebasedonadeepunderstandingofitscharacteristics,udymorecomprehensive,tmentofRuralEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenterofStateCouncil(HereinafterreferredtoasDRCSurvey)in2005,whichcovered29provinces(municipalitiesorautonomousregions).Atotalof1962validquestionnairesonpeasanthouseholdswerereceived,plusanother133onvillagesand206onsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)nSichuanProvinceduring2003-2004(HereinafterreferredtoasSichuanSurvey).Thesurveywasconductedinfourcountiesfromfourareas(withonecountyfromonearea):plainarea,hillyarea,mountainareaneartheSichuanBasinandtheareainhabitedbyethnicgroups,sity(CAU)andtheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB)inTongrenofGuizhouProvince(HereinafterreferredtoasTongrenSurvey)duringJuly2005,,complementingandverifyingeachother,whichhelpstogiveusacomprerallyspeaking,asaresultofdifferentproductionandorganizationmodeintheruraleconomy,thefina,socialtransitionsandculturaltrrcredits,savings,insuranceandotherfinancialservices,(1)LowyieldsandhighrisksAsChinasagriculturalproductionischaracterizedbysmallscale,lowtechnologyandpoormarketaccessibility,theeconomicreturnonitisgenerallylowerthanonotherindust,agriculturalcreditbearshighermarketrisksasagriculturalproducthaslesssupplyelasticityandagriculturalproduction,agriculturalcredithastobearnaturalrisksthatarecausedbyagriculturesesdifferentrequirementstoruralfinancialinstitutionsintermsoftheircommercialization,marketizationandorganizationsintheruralfinancialmarket.(2)SeasonalityandtimelinessThewidespreaduseofmodernscienceandtechnologyhasnotchangetheseasonalityofagriculturalproduction,whichresultsintheseasonalityofagriculturalloandemandf,theTongrenSurveyshowsthatamongatotalof433loansfrom2002totheendofJune2005,%%.Whenaskedaboutthedesiredloanterm,%%chooseabove1year,whichindicates,,,consideringnaturalandmarketrisksofagriculturalbusinesswhichleadtotheuncertaintyofproductionandsales,,pressingandhaphazardry,(3)SmallloansThelandco,sm,,the,899loans,witheachloanaveragingRMB8,244yuan,andloanslessthanRMB5,%,mostlysmallloans,wereextendedtothesurveyedruralenterprisesduring2001~2004,%sesarehuge,tions.(4)LackoftraditionalpledgeThereisanacuteshortageofpledgesinrur,exceptforthelanduserightofcollective-ownedwastelandthatfarmershavecontracted(provided,however,thatthepriorconsentofthecontract-awardingpartyissecured),orthelanduserightofcollectively-ownedlandthatisoccupiedbypledgedbuildings,shouseisabasicnecessityofhislifeandcannotbemortgagedinrealsenseand,whatismore,thelandhishouseoccupiescannotbemortgagedeither,sproductivepropertiescanhardlybesoldinthemarket,,%itproductsthatdonotneedtraditionalpledgesandtoexpandthescopeofacceptablepledges....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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